Elements of Art

(Visual components)

Line: An element of art defined by a point moving in space. Line may be two-or three-dimensional, descriptive, implied, or abstract.

Shape: An element of art that is two-dimensional, flat, or limited to height and width; encloses 2D area.

Form: An element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses volume; includes height, width AND depth (as in a cube, a sphere, a pyramid, or a cylinder). Form may also be free flowing (water, fire).

Value: The lightness or darkness of tones or colours. White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle grey.

Space: An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or an implied depth.

Colour: An element of art made up of three properties: hue, value, and intensity.
  • Hue: name of colour
  • Value: hue’s lightness and darkness (a colour’s value changes when white or black is added)
  • Intensity: quality of brightness and purity (high intensity= colour is strong and bright; low intensity = colour is faint and dull)
Texture: An element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched.

Class Notes

Intro / Line / Shape:

How I became an artist?

Imagination+Boredom+Story Telling = Art

Discoveries: A Way of Thinking Visually, Design, Decoration, Expression, Communication (transcends language barriers)

Survey What Students Like About Art And What they Want to Learn (mention Komar and Melamid)

Learn the effects and pick what you like.

Explain Elements of Art (ingredients in a kitchen).

The Importance of Line (used to define shapes) and Kinds of Lines (how many can you think of)
 Explain Drawing from Observation - and train to LOOK AT WHAT YOU"RE DRAWING

-Follow Along Drawing (Demo With pointer)
 -Pure Blind Contour, Blind Contour (Video and Demo)
 -Modified Blind Contour (Adding more "cheating" and Line Variation)


What People Use: Grid>Projector>Sighting>Triangulation>Tracing

-Simple How-To Drawing Using Shapes (Video)

-Looking for Shapes (In Newspaper)

Talk About My Workflow in Drawing (and some variations - hungry eye cafe):

Light to Dark>Top to Bottom>Left to Right>Background to Foreground>General to Specific


Some interesting Examples: